TABLE 3 Attitudes toward National Population Growth and toward a National Birth Control Program Attitude toward Birth Control Program Attitude toward National Population Growth More Positive Less Positive (I) (II) India Italy Turkey West Germany Seoul Nigeria Less positive Japan Manila Singapore Athens Great Britain (HI) (IV) France Rio de Janeiro Kuala Lurnpur Kenya More positive Santiago Buenos Aires Mexico City Bangkok Caracas Tehran Dakar Source: (3). planning is approved of, but population control (a public policy of discouraging population growth) is not—a position expounded, for example, by officials of the Chilean government (4). Before turning to some additional information on reasons for opposition to family planning, poll data on North American attitudes will help to round out the picture of world opinion on these topics. Although not a part of the 1965 USIA series, a Gallup poll was conducted in the same year in the United States. It involved a "modified probability sample" of 3,205 adults (5). A few of the findings are given in Table 4. Although the question wording is different, the United States probably belongs toward that end of the continuum which is concerned about world population growth, a position it shares with European and eastern nations as opposed to that of Africa and Latin America. It also appears to share in the universal tendency to believe that world population problems are more serious than national ones. Opposition to Family Planning Reasons for opposition to family planning are reported only for European and for two African countries. Within Europe, religious and moral objections were predominant only in Italy. Of the 26 percent disapproving of birthnd attitude toward national birth control programs, however, is much smaller, 0.463, suggesting that national rank on one of these items predicts poorly national rank on the other. If we now divide the countries into two groups on each question, depending on whether they fall in the upper or lower half of the distribution, we emerge with the four types shown in Table 3.